Global Research

Here you can find monthly updates in the field of menstrual health research

[PDF] Information, Choice and Menstrual Outcomes: Evidence from a Community-Based Intervention in India

S Garikipati, PA Phillips-Howard, University of Liverpool, 2022.
Drawing on a community-based intervention with 277 women from India, this paper examines if information and choice matter for menstrual outcomes. Exposure to information and access to alternatives significantly increased preference for reusables and better waste management practices. This study concludes that while prevailing informational asymmetries challenge a wider take-up of reusables, informed choice, as a policy tool, has the potential to sustainably reduce period poverty

[PDF] Awareness and Practice of Menstrual Hygiene among Visually Impaired Adolescent Girls: Using Braille Methods

Serma Subathra Arunachalam, Asha P Shetty, Shankar Shanmugam Rajendran, Harikrishnan Eswaran

 and Karthik Arunachalam, Ann Nurs Primary Care. 2022.

This cross-sectional survey was done among visually impaired adolescent girls to identify the relationship between knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene. Braille Method is one of the technique which is used to provide proper knowledge about menstrual hygiene and its maintenance.

Assessing the knowledge and attitude of menstrual hygiene among high school students, and menstrual practices among high school girls in rural Rwanda.

Sandra Isano, Irakoze Genereuse Iradukunda, Peace Ingabire, Beula Igiraneza, Fred Nkurunziza and Rex Wong, International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2022.

This school-based cross-sectional study sought to assess the knowledge, attitude about menstruation among 339 high school teachers, boys and girls in a rural area in northern Rwanda.   Only 9.8% of students had good knowledge related to menstrual health. About 20% of girls used cloth to manage their menstrual flow and 22.3% reported menstrual-related school absenteeism; lack of sanitary protection products and fear of being teased were among the most prominent reasons.

Assessment of sexual and reproductive access and use of menstrual products among Venezuelan migrant adult women at the Brazilian–Venezuelan border

Leila Rocha, Rachel Soeiro, Noé Gomez,Maria Laur Costa, Fernanda G.Surita,Luis Bahamondes, Journal of Migration and Health, 2022.

This Cross-sectional study describe the sociodemographic characteristics, access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care, including contraceptives and to assess menstrual poverty of migrant Venezuelan adult women (177)  at the border between Venezuela and Brazil. Regarding menstrual poverty, 64 women stated that the menstrual hygiene products provided by humanitarian organizations were not enough for their needs, and 44 women claimed being unable to wash their hands anytime they wanted to.

Access to period products during the first nation-wide lockdown in Australia: Results from an online survey

Jacqueline Coombe, Helen Bittleston, Jane S. Hocking – Women & Health, 2022

This study examines the impact of the 2020 lockdown in Australia on the ability of people to access their usual period products.  Of the 410 participants, nearly one-third reported difficulties accessing their usual period products during lockdown. Women under 25 years were more likely to experience difficulty accessing products.

Menstrual pain realities of young females with disabilities in Tanzania: Towards a nuanced understanding of pain and embodiment

V Mesiäislehto, M Lehmuskoski, H Katsui, R Sambaiga – Embodied Inequalities in Disability and Development, 2022
This analysis focuses on the impairment effects and disablism of menstrual pain and counteracts the coloniality of knowledge through the epistemological standpoint of 63 young Tanzanian females with disabilities. The findings demonstrate the pain denial is a pathway for young females to navigate amidst the potentiality of full social personhood.

Menstrual Attitudes: The Gender Differences Among Nigerian University Students

I Udegbe, WA Imran, IA Ogueji – Trends in Psychology, 2022
This cross-sectional study investigated the gender differences in the five dimensions of menstrual attitudes among 370 randomly recruited undergraduate students at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. The findings revealed that of all the five dimensions of menstrual attitudes (secrecy, annoyance, disability, proscriptions and prescriptions, and pleasant), female respondents held more positive attitudes toward menstruation than male respondents.

Male Peer Talk About Menstruation: Discursively Bolstering Hegemonic Masculinities Among Young Men in South Africa

Catriona Ida Macleod,,Jonathan Malcolm Glover, Manase Makuse, Lindsay Kelland &Sharli Anne Paphitis, Reproductive Health, 2022
This paper shows how male peer talk about menstruating women may be used to discursively bolster hegemonic masculinities and denigrate women. Focus group discussions among 37 young isiXhosa-speaking men from two South African schools were facilitated by two young men.


RS Lekshmi, Journal iof the Oriental Institute, 2022,
The objective of this study is to find the demographic profile of the respondents, awareness about sanitary products, and affordability of sanitary products, sanitary product usage habit, and the disposal of sanitary napkin. Data was collected from the girls and women of thiruvallur district (India). This study reveals the sanitary product usage habit, and the problems of disposal of sanitary napkin.

[HTML] Knowledge and Practice of Menstrual Health and Hygiene among Young People in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

LO Idoko, KC Okafor, VO Ayegba, S Bala, VB Evuka – Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2022
This descriptive cross-sectional study seeks to assess the knowledge and practice of menstrual health and hygiene and availability of resources for effective menstrual hygiene management among young people in Jos (among 169 young males and females), Plateau State, Nigeria. Two-thirds of the female respondents had good practice of menstrual hygiene, while a third of the respondents had the poor practice of menstrual hygiene.

[PDF] A survey of women’s experiences of using period tracker applications: Attitudes, ovulation prediction and how the accuracy of the app in predicting period start dates

A Broad, R Biswakarma, JC Harper – Women’s Health, 2022
The aim of this mixed-methods observational study was to ask women about their real-life experiences of using period tracker apps, using an online survey of 50 multiple-choice and openended questions.  Qualitative analysis shows the impact of inaccurate predictions on aspects of the users’ health.

Management of Menstruation in Transgender and Gender Nonbinary Adolescents

IK Berrahou, A Grimes, AM Autry, M Hawkins – Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2022
This evidence-based review covers strategies for achieving menstruation suppression for transgender and gender nonbinary adolescents, including dosing considerations, menstruation, ovulation, contraceptive effects, and metabolic considerations specific to the adolescent population.

The menstrual taboo and the nuances of misogyny: Comparing feminine hygiene TV advertisements in the Arab and western worlds

HD Chabih, MH Elmasry – Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 2022
This research used quantitative content analysis to examine the representation of menstruation in advertisements in the Arab and western worlds. The analysis was carried out on a sample of 222 advertisements ‐ 157 western and 65 Arab ‐ produced between 2000 and 2020.  Results showed that ads consistently concealed key aspects of menstruation, showed models in isolation, employed euphemisms, rarely spoke of menstrual blood and almost never portrayed blood in a realistic red colour.

[PDF] Addressing Period Poverty: The Cost of Menstruating in America and the Ethical Responsibility to Provide Free Menstrual Care

J Tabor, O Delgado – Sacred Heart University, 2022
The following paper explores the current cost of menstruation, both financial and mental, social, and ethical, analyze the success of various countries and communities who have initiated free menstrual product campaigns, and explore the intersectional, culturally competent healthcare policies regarding menstrual care through a synthesis of sources and materials from leading menstrual health advocates, world health leaders, academics, and nonprofit organizations.

[PDF] Isn’t Menstrual Discrimination a Driver for Child Marriage?

R Paudel, NJ Shah, T Ahmed, Global South Coalition for Dignified Menstruation/Radha Paudel Foundation, 2022
This study is undertaken to examine the connections between child marriage and menstrual discrimination in policies and practices at national, regional and global levels. A qualitative approach with secondary resources reviews the issues in Bangladesh, India and Niger, countries which have the highest rate of child marriage, as well as the regional and global networks which are working to end child marriage, namely South Asia Initiative to End Violence, the African Union and Girls not Brides

Self-Reported Menstrual Alterations During the COVID-19 Syndemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Study

Laura Medina-Perucha, Tomàs López-Jiménez, Anna Sofie Holst, Constanza Jacques-Aviñó, Jordina Munrós-Feliu, Cristina Martínez-Bueno, Carme Valls-Llobet, Diana Pinzón-Sanabria, Mª Mercedes Vicente-Hernández,5 Anna Berenguera1- Journal of Women’s Health, 2022
The aim of this cross-sectional online survey-based study was to assess self-reported menstrual alterations during the COVID-19 pandemic among women and people who menstruate aged 18– 55 in Spain. Findings suggest an impact of the COVID-19 syndemic on menstrual patterns. Social inequities in reporting menstrual alterations were identified. While the risk of reporting menstrual alterations was higher among participants with long COVID-19, evidence is not conclusive. Further research on menstrual health in the context of COVID-19 is needed, also to inform policy and practice